Leveraging Humanitarian Law and Military Ethics as a hybrid warfare strategy

Résumé d’un papier présenté avec Stephanie Lamy à la Euro-ISME Annual Conference 2017 Royal Military Academy, Bruxelles, Belgique, 30 May – 2 June 2017 « Is restraint in war essential for a lasting peace?

« For the past six years, Syria and its allies have been waging a war on civilians and the civil society initiatives which emerged before and during the conflict. Described as “new wars” (Kaldor), this form of hybrid warfare combines state and non-state actors and blurs the traditional distinction not only  between combatants and noncombatants of Just War theory (McMahan) but also opens up new theaters of operations, using kinetic, economic and cognitive tactics. It is massively lethal to the population and underscores paradigm shifts for Military Ethics. By pushing back the limits of what horrors are ethically acceptable, the regime coalition forces (Russia, Iran, Syria) forced the United Nations to create a hierarchy of war crimes. The forced displacement seemed preferable to the possible massacre of the entire East Aleppo population. Imposing this compromise in humanitarian values undermines the legitimacy of the United Nations in the peace process as well as the very framework of Jus post bellum.

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Hacking the Syria Peace Process, a European imperative

Pour le lancement de l’ONG Danaïdes fondée en 2017 avec Stéphanie Lamy, nous publions une analyse du conflit syrien, ainsi que des recommandations à destination de l’Union Européenne et de ses États membres.

« Faced with increasing Russian aggression and American nationalism, the European Union needs to forge a strategy which fathoms in the parameters of hybrid warfare in the civil society landscape – not by engaging in a similarly subversive offensive which would only weaponise CSOs further, creating more chaos and sustaining the conflict – but by developing a distributed system of aid delivery which preserves the neutrality and independence of civil society. Integrating such a tool into the EEAS Global Strategy might help the European Union strike the right balance between guaranteeing the Syrian people ownership of the peace process, and flexing its own diplomatic strength. »

Hacking the Syria Peace Process, a European imperative

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